oil water separation

June 10, 2014
oil-and-solids-water-separation-unit-300x260.jpg

Oil and Solids Water Separation Unit
The Solids and Oil Water Separation Systems (SOWS) are horizontal gravity flow treatment systems designed to separate settleable solids, suspended solids, and free and dispersed oil.

New SOWS Systems Remove Both Free & Dispersed Oil AND Settable & Suspended Solids!

Introducing the new Best Available Technology (BAT) for the treatment of produced water and flow-back water. The Solids and Oil Water Separation Systems (SOWS) are horizontal gravity flow treatment systems designed to separate settleable solids, suspended solids, and free and dispersed oil.

This system is a significant improvement to the currently used CPI Separators which can only separate free oil and settleable solids – allowing a considerable amount of dispersed oil, suspended solids, and stable emulsions to pass through the system.

Applications:

  • Onshore and Offshore Drilling Operations
  • Oil Refineries
  • Produced Water
  • Waste Oil Processing Facilities

Benefits:

  • No moving parts
  • Low maintenance
  • Heavy duty carbon or stainless construction

The SOWS System has 5 stages of separation.

Solids Oil Water Separation
Solids Oil Water Separation

Stage 1, Inlet Area – The water mixture flows into the inlet quiescent area where the velocity of the water slows. The free oil (150 micron in size or greater) separates and rises to the surface where it is removed by a pipe skimmer.

Stage 2, Clarifier/Solids Intercept Section – The settleable solids flow downward and are captured in the clarifier/ solids intercept section.

Stage 3, Inclined Plate Section – The suspended solids and dispersed oil flow upward through the inclined plates section. Most of the suspended solids will slide down these plates into the hopper.

Stage 4, Separation Compartment – The remaining suspended solids and dispersed oil flow into the separation compartment where the coalescing plates remove 99% of the free oil droplets 30 micron or greater. This oil rises to the surface where an oil skimmer decants it to an oil storage tank. The coalescing plates then capture the remaining suspended solids.

Stage 5, Clean Water Compartment – The flow of water will go over the overflow weir into the clean water compartment where oil absorption polishing bags trap any trace oils before the water is discharged.

SOWS Solids Oil Water Separation Systems

Model BPD
(Barrels Per Day)
GPM Width Length Height Inlet
Outlet Dia
Clarifier
Plate Area, SF
Separator
Coalescing Volume, CF
Sludge
Volume (Gal)
Total
Capacity (Gal)
SOWS-150 5,140 150 6′-6″ 20′-0″ 9′-0″ 6″ 600 64 300 4250
SOWS
-200
6,850 200 6′-6″ 20′-0″ 10′-0″ 6″ 800 80 300 4930
SOWS
-250
8,570 250 7′-6″ 20′-6″ 10′-0″ 8″ 1000 96 350 5810
SOWS
-300
10,285 300 8′-6″ 21′-6″ 10′-0″ 8″ 1200 120 400 7040
SOWS
-350
12,000 350 8′-6″ 23′-0″ 10′-0″ 8″ 1400 150 425 7480
SOWS
-400
13,715 400 8′-6″ 24′-6″ 11′-0″ 8″ 1600 150 500 8500
SOWS
-450
15,430 450 9′-6″ 26′-0″ 11′-0″ 8″ 1800 175 525 10020
SOWS
-500
17,140 500 9′-6″ 26′-6″ 11′-0″ 8″ 2000 210 550 10450
SOWS
-550
18,855 550 9′-6″ 28′-0″ 12′-0″ 8″ 2200 210 675 11580
SOWS
-600
20,570 600 9′-6″ 29′-6″ 12′-0″ 10″ 2400 240 700 13240
SOWS
-700
24,000 700 10′-6″ 30′-0″ 12′-0″ 10″ 2800 288 750 15450
SOWS
-800
27,425 800 10′-6″ 31′-0″ 12′-6″ 10″ 3200 324 775 17540
SOWS
-900
30,860 900 10′-6″ 32′-6″ 13′-0″ 12″ 3600 324 800 19260

April 7, 2012

Oil Water Separators are designed to effectively remove floating solids and non-emulsified oil from an oil and water mixture on a beginning to end flow process through the separator. The mixture of oil and water enters one end of the separator and slowly flows toward the other end. If oil and water are mixed and not emulsified, the oil originally exits the water in different sizes of droplets. When the drops of oil are large enough and the flow is laminar, or moving in a smooth and gentle flow with no turbulence, the oil droplets will separate before reaching the end of the separator tank.

Since the calculations of Stokes’ Law are supported on a zero velocity flow, a Reynolds number lower than 500 guarantees optimal separation. The majority of oil water separators commonly use the parallel corrugated plate design which causes oil droplets to enlarge in size and ascend to the surface of the water. Flow of oil and water through the oil water separator follows several main steps after entering the separator:

  • Mixture particulates, heavier sludge drops from liquid and is confined in sludge hopper.
  • Lighter weight particles from mixture travel up inclined plates.
  • Inclined plates begin separating the mixture.
  • Some oil will rise to the top of the separator.
  • Particulates drop down into sludge hopper.
  • Remaining mixture travels on through coalescing media packs.
  • Most remaining small oil particles attach to media and coalesce with retained droplets.
  • Retained droplets form larger oil droplets.
  • Larger oil droplets float, rising to top of separator.
  • Oil volume reaches a certain level and is pumped or drained to a storage tank.
  • Clean water travels on to a chamber and goes through a final polishing pack.
  • Clean water is discharged from the separator.

It is especially essential for the flow of the liquid through the oil water separator to be laminar to act in accordance with Stokes Law. To achieve this type of flow, a design that is cross-fluted and having an internal structure of connecting channels between adjoining plates can be used. With this design and the enlarged surface area, the effectiveness of the oil water separation process is greatly enhanced.


September 21, 2011

OIl Water Separation
Oil Water Separation

Oil and water separator systems and water reclaim systems are generally used in commercial settings to remove oil and solids from wastewater effluents. Electrical substations, chemical plants, and oil refineries utilize this technology every day. There are two main types of systems, sewer pre-treat systems and closed-loop systems. Sewer pre-treat systems will treat and clean the water so that it can be discharged into the local sewer system. A closed loop system will treat the water so that it can be reused onsite.

In an oil water separator, the corrugated plates intercept oil droplets as the wastewater travels through the separator. New droplets coalesce (combine) with retained droplets, and the droplets become larger. Enlarged droplets are released from the water and rise to the surface where they are decanted into a storage tank, and then properly disposed of with any local or government waste management facility.

Washbay Solutions offers a complete line of the best oil water separators and water reclaim systems on the market today. Whether above or belowground, a closed-loop or sewer pre-treat system, Washbay Solutions has the right system to fit the needs of your company.

A case study was conducted of our sewer pre-treat system at one of our customers located in one of the strictest sewer authorities in North Carolina. After assisting our customer with obtaining a permit, we also helped save them thousands of dollars on a water meter required by the permit. Our client was very pleased with the system, and we returned quarterly to assist with and coordinate water analyses required by their permit. As the water analyses results kept proving our system was cleaning the water remarkably well, the permit requirements kept decreasing which saved our client thousands of dollars in analyses costs.

Another case study was conducted of our closed-loop system at a trucking company. Since they were located outside of the local sewer limits, they needed to be able to clean and recycle their own wastewater. In May of 2007, we assisted the trucking company with the installation of a closed-loop water reclaim and separation system that is used on a daily basis today. We still provide quarterly inspections to ensure the closed loop system is working as designed.

Whether your company is looking for a closed-loop or a pre-sewer treatment system, Washbay Solutions can help design the system that is right for you.


North Carolina

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At WashBaySolutions.com, we have been specializing in high tech, custom-engineered solutions to complex washing and wastewater issues since 1991.
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info@washbaysolutions.com

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